Last Updated on February 25, 2023 by Lauren Beck
Sparkling wine is a celebratory drink that is often associated with special occasions and festive events. But did you know that there are several types of sparkling wine available?
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the different types of sparkling wine, how they are made, and how to store them properly.
What Are the Types of Sparkling Wine?
Here are the 8 Types of Sparkling Wine:
- Champagne: This is the most well-known type of sparkling wine, hailing from the Champagne region of France.
- Prosecco: This Italian sparkling wine is made from the Prosecco grape and is known for its fruity and floral aromas.
- Cava: This Spanish sparkling wine is made in the same way as Champagne but uses different grape varieties.
- Sekt: This German sparkling wine can be made from a variety of grapes, including Riesling and Pinot Blanc.
- Franciacorta: This Italian sparkling wine is made using the traditional Champagne method and is known for its creamy texture and complex flavors.
- Asti Spumante: This sweet Italian sparkling wine is made from the Moscato grape and is known for its fruity aromas and low alcohol content.
- Lambrusco: This Italian sparkling wine is made from the Lambrusco grape and is known for its dark color and fruity flavor.
- American sparkling wine: This type of sparkling wine is produced in the United States and includes varieties such as California sparkling wine and New York sparkling wine.
What is Sparkling Wine?
Sparkling wine is a type of wine that contains bubbles or carbonation. The bubbles in sparkling wine are created by carbon dioxide gas that is produced during the fermentation process. Sparkling wine can be made using a variety of grapes and can range from sweet to dry in taste.
How Sparkling Wine is Made?
Sparkling wine is made using a special process called secondary fermentation. Here’s how it works:
- Grapes are harvested and pressed to extract the juice.
- Yeast and sugar are added to the juice, which triggers the fermentation process. This process converts the sugar into alcohol and produces carbon dioxide gas.
- The wine is bottled before the fermentation process is complete, which traps the carbon dioxide gas in the bottle and creates bubbles.
Methods of Making Sparkling Wine:
There are several methods of making sparkling wine, each of which produces a slightly different flavor and texture. Here are the three most common methods:
- Traditional Method: This is the method used to make Champagne, and involves a second fermentation in the bottle.
- Charmat Method: This method involves a second fermentation in a large tank instead of individual bottles.
- Carbonation Method: This method involves injecting carbon dioxide gas into still wine to create bubbles.
Types of Sparkling Wine Glasses:
Choosing the right glassware can enhance the drinking experience of sparkling wine. Here are a few types of sparkling wine glasses:
- Flute: This long, narrow glass is the most traditional choice for serving Champagne and other sparkling wines.
- Coupe: This wide, shallow glass was popular in the early 1900s and is making a comeback as a trendy alternative to the flute.
- Tulip: This glass has a wider bowl than a flute, which allows more aromas to be released.
How Long Does Sparkling Wine Last Unopened?
Unopened sparkling wine can last for several years, depending on the type and how it is stored. Here are a few general guidelines:
- Non-vintage sparkling wine: This type of wine is meant to be consumed within a year or two of its release.
- Vintage sparkling wine: This type of wine can age for several years and may improve in flavor over time.
Where Should I Store My Sparkling Wine?
Sparkling wine should be stored in a cool, dark place, away from direct sunlight and heat. Ideally, the temperature should be between 45-55°F (7-13°C). Store the bottles horizontally to keep the cork moist and prevent air from entering the bottle. Avoid storing sparkling wine in the refrigerator for more than a few days, as the vibrations can damage the delicate bubbles.
Is Sparkling Wine a Dessert/Sweet Wine?
Sparkling wine can be either sweet or dry, so it can be served as an aperitif or a dessert wine. Some sweeter varieties, such as Asti Spumante, are often served with dessert, while drier varieties like Champagne are more commonly served as an aperitif.
Are Sparkling Wines a Healthier Choice?
While sparkling wine can be a festive and enjoyable drink, it is still an alcoholic beverage and should be consumed in moderation. However, there are some potential health benefits associated with drinking sparkling wine in moderation .
For example, sparkling wine contains antioxidants that can help protect the body against cell damage and reduce inflammation. Additionally, the bubbles in sparkling wine can help slow down the absorption of alcohol, which may help reduce the risk of overconsumption.
Sparkling wine is a versatile and celebratory drink that comes in a variety of styles and flavors. Whether you prefer a sweet Asti Spumante or a dry Champagne, there is a type of sparkling wine to suit every taste and occasion. By understanding the different types of sparkling wine and how they are made, you can make informed choices about which wines to serve and how to store them properly. Remember to always drink in moderation and enjoy sparkling wine as part of a balanced and healthy lifestyle.