Last Updated on February 21, 2023 by Lauren Beck
Bread is a staple food in many cultures around the world. From simple flatbreads to artisanal loaves, there are countless types of bread available to suit any taste or preference.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look what are all different types of bread, how bread is made, the invention of sliced bread, and other interesting facts about this beloved food.
20 Different Types of Bread
- White Bread: A classic, fluffy loaf made with flour, water, yeast, and salt.
- Whole Wheat Bread: A healthier alternative to white bread, made with whole grain flour.
- Sourdough Bread: A tangy, chewy bread made with a sourdough starter and no commercial yeast.
- Rye Bread: A dense, dark bread made with rye flour and a sourdough starter.
- Pumpernickel: A type of rye bread that’s made with coarsely ground rye flour and baked at a low temperature for a long time.
- French Bread: A long, thin loaf with a crispy crust and a soft interior.
- Baguette: A type of French bread that’s long and narrow, often served with butter or cheese.
- Ciabatta: An Italian bread with a crispy crust and a soft, airy interior.
- Focaccia: A flat Italian bread that’s often topped with olive oil and herbs.
- Challah: A Jewish bread made with eggs and braided into a distinctive shape.
- Brioche: A French bread that’s enriched with butter and eggs, making it soft and slightly sweet.
- Croissant: A flaky, buttery French pastry that’s often eaten for breakfast.
- Naan: A type of Indian flatbread that’s often served with curry or other spicy dishes.
- Roti: A type of Indian flatbread that’s made with whole wheat flour.
- Tortilla: A thin, flatbread made from corn or wheat flour that’s used in many Mexican dishes.
- Pita: A Middle Eastern bread that’s often stuffed with meat or vegetables.
- Bagel: A round, dense bread with a hole in the center, often topped with sesame or poppy seeds.
- English Muffin: A small, round bread that’s often toasted and served with butter and jam.
- Raisin Bread: A sweet bread that’s studded with raisins and often eaten for breakfast.
- Cinnamon Swirl Bread: A sweet bread that’s marbled with cinnamon and sugar, often toasted and served with butter.
How Is Bread Made?
Bread is typically made by combining flour, water, yeast, and salt, then kneading the dough until it becomes smooth and elastic . The dough is then left to rise, often for several hours, until it has doubled in size. After rising, the dough is shaped into a loaf or rolls and baked in the oven until it’s golden brown and cooked through.
When Was Sliced Bread Invented?
Sliced bread was first invented in 1928 by Otto Rohwedder, a baker from Iowa. The first commercial bread slicer was installed in a bakery in Missouri in 1928, and sliced bread quickly became a popular convenience food.
How Many Slices of Bread Are in a Loaf?
The number of slices in a loaf of bread can vary depending on the type of bread and the size of the loaf. A standard loaf of sliced white bread typically contains around 20 slices, while a larger loaf of artisan bread may have fewer slices.
Can You Make Bread Without Yeast?
Yes, it is possible to make bread without yeast. Some types of bread, like sourdough and rye bread, use a natural starter instead of commercial yeast. Other types of bread, like soda bread, use baking soda or baking powder as a leavening agent instead of yeast.
Does Bread Have Dairy?
Most bread recipes do not contain dairy, but some types of bread, like brioche, do contain butter and eggs. If you have a dairy allergy or are following a vegan diet, it’s important to check the ingredients in your bread carefully.
How Long Is Bread Good For?
The shelf life of bread can vary depending on the type of bread and how it’s stored. Fresh bread should be stored at room temperature for up to 2-3 days, while bread that has been sliced or opened may only last for a day or two. To extend the shelf life of bread, it can be stored in the freezer for up to 3 months.
How to Soften Hard Bread?
If your bread has become hard or stale, there are several ways to soften it up. One method is to sprinkle the bread with a little bit of water and then wrap it in foil before baking it in the oven for 10-15 minutes. Another method is to wrap the bread in a damp paper towel and microwave it for 10-15 seconds.
How Long Can You Freeze Bread?
Bread can be stored in the freezer for up to 3 months, although the texture and flavor may be affected over time. To freeze bread, wrap it tightly in plastic wrap or aluminum foil and place it in an airtight container or freezer bag.
Is Bread Good for You?
Bread can be a healthy part of a balanced diet, as it’s a good source of carbohydrates and fiber. However, some types of bread, like white bread, can be high in refined carbohydrates and may not provide as many nutrients as whole grain bread. When choosing bread, it’s important to look for whole grain options and to be mindful of portion sizes.
From simple white bread to complex artisan loaves, there are countless types of bread to suit any taste or preference. Whether you’re a fan of sourdough or cinnamon swirl, understanding the basics of bread-making can help you appreciate the art and science of this beloved food. By knowing how to choose, store, and prepare different types of bread, you can enjoy this staple food in a variety of delicious and nutritious ways.